Thursday, July 2, 2020

android kotlin - Bitmap mask

MainActivity.kt

package com.example.jetpack

import android.content.Context
import android.graphics.*
import android.os.Bundle
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import kotlinx.android.synthetic.main.activity_main.*
import java.io.IOException


class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)

        // get the bitmaps from assets folder
        val bitmap = assetsToBitmap("orangeFlower4.png")
        val maskBitmap = assetsToBitmap("transparentTrees.png")

        bitmap?.apply {
            // show original bitmap in first image view
            imageView.setImageBitmap(this)

            // mask bitmap
            maskBitmap?.let {
                imageView2.setImageBitmap(mask(it))
            }
        }
    }
}


// extension function to get bitmap from assets
fun Context.assetsToBitmap(fileName:String):Bitmap?{
    return try {
        val stream = assets.open(fileName)
        BitmapFactory.decodeStream(stream)
    } catch (e: IOException) {
        e.printStackTrace()
        null
    }
}


// extension function to mask bitmap
fun Bitmap.mask(mask:Bitmap):Bitmap?{
    val bitmap = Bitmap.createBitmap(
        mask.width,mask.height, Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888
    )

    // paint to mask
    val paint = Paint().apply {
        isAntiAlias = true
        xfermode = PorterDuffXfermode(PorterDuff.Mode.DST_IN)
    }

    Canvas(bitmap).apply {
        // draw source bitmap on canvas
        drawBitmap(this@mask,0f,0f,null)
        // mask bitmap
        drawBitmap(mask,0f,0f,paint)
    }

    return bitmap
}
activity_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/constraintLayout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:background="#C2B280"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageView"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="250dp"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
        android:layout_marginEnd="8dp"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toTopOf="parent"
        tools:srcCompat="@tools:sample/avatars" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:padding="8dp"
        android:text="Source Bitmap"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="@+id/imageView"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="@+id/imageView"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/imageView" />

    <ImageView
        android:id="@+id/imageView2"
        android:layout_width="0dp"
        android:layout_height="250dp"
        android:layout_marginStart="8dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="12dp"
        android:layout_marginEnd="8dp"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintHorizontal_bias="0.5"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="parent"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/textView"
        tools:srcCompat="@tools:sample/avatars" />

    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:padding="8dp"
        android:text="Bitmap Mask"
        app:layout_constraintEnd_toEndOf="@+id/imageView2"
        app:layout_constraintStart_toStartOf="@+id/imageView2"
        app:layout_constraintTop_toBottomOf="@+id/imageView2" />

</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>